Agamemnon by Aeschylus
Aeschylus was a Greek playwright who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE. He is known as the “Father of Tragedy” and is credited with introducing several innovations to the art of Greek tragedy, including the use of a second actor and the incorporation of dialogue between characters. He wrote over 80 plays, but only seven have survived intact, including the famous Oresteia trilogy.
Agamemnon is the first play in the Oresteia trilogy by the ancient Greek playwright Aeschylus. It tells the story of King Agamemnon, who returns home to Argos after ten years of war in Troy. Upon his return, he is greeted by his wife Clytemnestra, who has been plotting revenge against him for sacrificing their daughter Iphigenia to the gods before he left for war. Clytemnestra, along with her lover Aegisthus, murders Agamemnon and takes control of the kingdom.
The play explores the themes of revenge, justice, and the consequences of actions. It raises questions about the morality of war and the role of women in society. The character of Clytemnestra is complex, as she is both a grieving mother seeking justice for her daughter and a vengeful wife seeking retribution for her husband’s actions. The play ends with the chorus calling for the intervention of the gods to restore order and balance to the world.
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