Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, father of nation, was a charismatic and visionary leader who dedicated his life to the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistani rule. He was born on March 17, 1920, in Tungipara village, Gopalganj. After graduating from the University of Dhaka, he began his political career as a member of the Awami League. In 1966, he launched the Six-Point Movement, which is called for greater autonomy for Bangladesh. The movement was met with a crackdown by the Pakistani government, and Mujib was arrested and imprisoned. In 1970, Mujib led the Awami League to a great victory in the Pakistani general election. However, the Pakistani government refused to transfer power to the Awami League, sparking a civil war. In 1971, Mujib declared the independence of Bangladesh, and the Bangladesh Liberation War began. The war ended in victory for Bangladesh, and Mujib was sworn in as the first president of the new nation. Mujib’s presidency was marked by a period of rapid economic and social development. He also played a key role in the creation of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). In 1975, Mujib was assassinated by a group of army officers. His death was a great tragedy for Bangladesh, but his legacy lives on as the father of the nation.