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Avatar
Biplob Prodhan
  • 2 months ago
  • 331
Cardinal Vowels : An Explanation

The cardinal vowels are a set of reference vowels used in phonetics to describe the vowel sounds of languages. They provide a standardized way to represent vowel qualities. The system was developed by Daniel Jones and includes vowel positions based on tongue height, backness, and lip rounding.

The cardinal vowels are often represented in a quadrilateral diagram, with each corner representing a specific vowel sound. Here is a brief overview of some cardinal vowels along with examples:

1. **\[i\]** – High front unrounded vowel (like “ee” in “see”).
2. **\[e\]** – Mid-high front unrounded vowel (like “e” in “bet”).
3. **\[ɛ\]** – Open-mid front unrounded vowel (like “e” in “met”).
4. **\[a\]** – Open front unrounded vowel (like “a” in “cat”).
5. **\[ɑ\]** – Open back unrounded vowel (like “a” in “father”).
6. **\[ɔ\]** – Open-mid back rounded vowel (like “aw” in “saw”).
7. **\[o\]** – Mid-high back rounded vowel (like “o” in “go”).
8. **\[u\]** – High back rounded vowel (like “oo” in “food”).

These examples represent the cardinal vowels, and the symbols within brackets are the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) representations for these sounds. The cardinal vowel system provides a standardized reference for linguists to describe and analyze vowel sounds across different languages.

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Biplob Prodhan
Founder of EDNOUB & Ednoub Private Program

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