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Biplob Prodhan
  • 2 months ago
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Differences between language, langua and parole

The terms language, langue, and parole are concepts that were introduced by the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure to help explain the structure and function of language. Here are the differences between these concepts explained in easy words:


  1. Language: This refers to a system of communication that is shared by a community of speakers. It is an abstract and general concept that includes all the rules, conventions, and structures that make communication possible. Language is a system of symbols and meanings, such as words, sounds, and gestures, that enable people to communicate with each other. It is not tied to any particular speaker, but rather exists as a shared resource that is constantly evolving over time.


  1. Langue:This term refers to the abstract, underlying structure of language. It is the set of rules and conventions that govern the use of a particular language system. Langue is the study of the formal aspects of language, such as grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. It is not tied to any particular speech act or individual, but rather represents the collective knowledge of a speech community.


  1. Parole:This term refers to the actual use of language by a particular speaker in a particular context. It is the study of the concrete manifestations of language in speech and writing. Parole includes the specific choices made by a speaker when using language, such as word choice, intonation, and emphasis. Parole is the individual’s way of using language to express their own unique ideas, thoughts, and feelings.


In simpler terms, we can think of langue as the abstract system of language that underlies all language use, while parole is the concrete manifestation of this system in actual speech and writing. Language is the broadest term that encompasses both langue and parole.


To further illustrate the differences between these concepts, let’s use an example. Consider the sentence “I am going to the store.” Language refers to the entire system of communication that enables us to understand and use this sentence. Langue refers to the underlying structure of the sentence, such as the subject-verb-object order, the use of the present continuous tense, and the meaning of the words themselves. Parole refers to the specific way that a particular speaker might use this sentence, such as their accent, tone of voice, and emphasis on certain words.


In summary, the differences between language, langue, and parole are as follows: language is a system of communication, langue is the underlying structure of a particular language, and parole is the individual’s use of language in a particular context. Understanding these concepts can help us better appreciate the complexity and richness of human language.

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Biplob Prodhan
Founder of EDNOUB & Ednoub Private Program


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