1. bipprork@gmail.com : admin : Biplob Prodhan
  2. ednoub17@gmail.com : Biplob Prodhan : Biplob Prodhan
  3. imransagor338@gmail.com : Imran Hossain Khan : Imran Hossain Khan
  4. friendibookshop123@gmai.com : Jacques Derrida's : Jacques Derrida's
  5. rabbanimasud456@gmail.com : Mr :
Biplob Prodhan
  • 3 months ago
  • 74
Picture of society in Homer’s Illiad

Homer’s epic poem, the Iliad, provides a vivid picture of ancient Greek society during the Trojan War. The events in the Iliad occur during the Bronze Age, a time period in ancient Greece between 3000 BCE and 1200 BCE, and the society depicted in the poem is a reflection of that time. In this essay, we will discuss the key elements of ancient Greek society as portrayed in the Iliad, including social hierarchy, religion, warfare, and gender roles.


Social Hierarchy

The society depicted in the Iliad is hierarchical, with kings and nobles at the top and slaves at the bottom. Kings, such as Agamemnon and Menelaus, are the leaders of the Greek army and have significant power and influence. Nobles, such as Achilles and Odysseus, are skilled warriors and respected members of society. The common soldiers are also important, but they are not as highly regarded as the nobles.

At the bottom of the social hierarchy are slaves, who are owned by wealthy individuals and are used for labor. Slaves have no rights and are considered property. In the Iliad, slaves are portrayed as being expendable and are often killed in battle or as a sacrifice to the gods.


Religion plays a central role in the society depicted in the Iliad. The ancient Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped multiple gods and goddesses, each with their own domain of influence. The gods are omnipresent in the Iliad, and their actions influence the outcome of the Trojan War.

The gods are also portrayed as being deeply involved in the affairs of mortals. For example, Athena helps the Greeks by inspiring their warriors and guiding their arrows, while Apollo helps the Trojans by protecting their city walls and striking down Greek warriors. The gods are fickle and unpredictable, and their favor can change at a moment’s notice.


Warfare was a constant feature of ancient Greek society, and the Iliad provides a detailed picture of the nature of warfare during this time period. Battles were fought on foot, with warriors armed with spears, swords, and shields. Chariots were also used to transport warriors to and from the battlefield.

Warriors in the Iliad were expected to be skilled in combat and to adhere to a code of honor. Honor was highly valued, and warriors who displayed bravery and skill in battle were held in high esteem. Cowardice, on the other hand, was considered a grave dishonor. Battles were fought in close combat, and the objective was to kill the enemy rather than capture them.

Gender Roles

Gender roles in ancient Greek society were highly differentiated, with men occupying positions of power and women relegated to the domestic sphere. Men were the warriors, politicians, and leaders of society, while women were responsible for running the household and raising children.

Women in the Iliad are portrayed as passive and subservient to men. They are not involved in the fighting and are expected to remain in the background. Women are also depicted as being prizes to be won, with the most beautiful women being sought after by powerful men. This is exemplified by the conflict over Helen, the wife of Menelaus, whose abduction by Paris is the cause of the Trojan War.

In conclusion, the Iliad provides a rich and detailed picture of ancient Greek society during the Bronze Age. The social hierarchy is characterized by kings and nobles at the top and slaves at the bottom, while religion plays a central role in the lives of the people. Warfare is portrayed as a constant feature of society, with honor and bravery highly valued, and gender roles are highly differentiated, with men occupying positions of power and women relegated to the domestic sphere.

Facebook Comments Box
About The Author
Biplob Prodhan
Founder of EDNOUB & Ednoub Private Program


Sat Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri