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Biplob Prodhan
  • 3 months ago
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The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway : Summary & Major Characters


Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist and short-story writer who was born in 1899 and died in 1961. He is considered one of the most influential writers of the 20th century and is known for his spare and direct writing style. Some of his most famous works include “The Old Man and the Sea,” “A Farewell to Arms,” and “For Whom the Bell Tolls.” Hemingway also had a reputation for his adventurous and sometimes reckless lifestyle, which included experiences as a journalist, soldier, and big-game hunter.

“The Sun Also Rises” is a novel by Ernest Hemingway, published in 1926. The story follows a group of expatriates, mostly Americans, who travel from Paris to Pamplona, Spain to witness the Running of the Bulls and to enjoy the Spanish nightlife. The protagonist, Jake Barnes, is a journalist and World War I veteran who suffers from a war injury that has left him impotent. He is in love with a young woman named Brett Ashley, who is a socialite and free spirit, but their relationship is complicated by their inability to consummate it.

The novel explores themes of disillusionment, masculinity, and the Lost Generation, a term Hemingway used to describe the generation of young people who came of age during World War I and felt lost in the aftermath. The characters are all searching for meaning and purpose in a post-war world that seems to lack both.

The novel’s spare prose style and understated dialogue are characteristic of Hemingway’s writing and have been influential in the development of modernist literature. “The Sun Also Rises” is widely considered one of Hemingway’s greatest works and a classic of American literature.


The major characters in “The Sun Also Rises” include:

  1. Jake Barnes:The protagonist and narrator of the story. He is an American World War I veteran who was injured in the war and is now impotent. He is in love with Brett Ashley but cannot consummate their relationship due to his injury.
  2. Brett Ashley:A beautiful and independent Englishwoman who is in love with Jake but is also involved with other men, including Robert Cohn and Pedro Romero. She is a former nurse and is struggling with her own personal demons.
  3. Robert Cohn: An American writer and former Princeton boxer who is in love with Brett but is constantly rejected by her. He is Jewish and feels like an outsider among the other characters.
  4. Bill Gorton: Jake’s close friend and fellow American expatriate. He is a heavy drinker and enjoys the pleasures of life. He accompanies Jake to Pamplona and is involved in several adventures with him.
  5. Mike Campbell:Brett’s fiancé and a Scottish war veteran. He is jealous of Brett’s relationship with other men and is constantly fighting with her.
  6. Pedro Romero:A young and talented Spanish bullfighter who becomes involved with Brett. He is admired by both Jake and Brett for his skill and courage in the bullring.
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Biplob Prodhan
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